The term "disaster" is usually applied to a breakdown in the normal functioning of a community that has a significant adverse impact on people, their works, and their environment, And can be defined as "every event which infect people environment, to an extend over the capacity of community to naturally deal with it." This situation may be the result of a natural event or it may be the result of human activity (man-made). Disasters occur frequently around the world, and their incidence and intensity seem to be increasing in recent years. They can cause an unexpected number of deaths, injuries or illnesses in the affected community, thereby exceeding the therapeutic capacity of the local health-care services. In this situation pharmaceuticals supply is a top priority for the effected population, it is necessary to ensure that they are readily available, but also that they are used rationally.
This study has been done in Khartoum state the federal capital of Sudan, the main objective of this study were to assess the pharmaceutical supply system after disaster in Sudan in Khartoum state as representative, in addition the study shed some light on disaster definitions and types and also the disaster history in Sudan.
To achieve the objective of this study a questionnaire type of survey was conducted in some Khartoum state health institutions and it designed to get the essential information about pharmaceutical supply system in disaster. The sample chosen was 8 health institutions, 6 hospitals, and the main drugs supplier for all Sudan states central medical stores public corporation and revolving drug fund Khartoum state. The data collected was analyzed using software program SPSS and subjected to descriptive analysis.
The main findings of this study were that there is an urgent need of a system for disaster management in all the health institution, and this system must include financial resources, trained personnel, large well designed stores, transportation methods and any other resources needed for disaster management and risk reduction.